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BETE KI QURBANI

BETE KI QURBANI
HIQAYAT

Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihi Salam Ne Ek Raat Khwab May Dekha Ki Koi Shaks Gaib Se Awaaz Deta Hain! Kehta Hain Ki, Aye Ibrahim! Tumeh Khuda Ka Hukm Hain Ki Apne Bete Ko Rah-A-Khuda May Zubah Kerdo! Chuki, Nabiyon Ka Khwab Saccha Aur "WAHI" Ki Kism Se Hota Hain Isliye Aap Apne Mehboob Bete Hazrat Ismayil Alaihi Salam Ko ALLAH Ki Rah May Qurbaan Karne Ko Taiyyar Hogaye!

Chuki, Hazrat Ismayil Alaihi Salam Abhi Kam Umr The! Isliye Aapne Unse Sirf Itna Kaha Ki Beta Rassi Aur Ek Choori Leker Mere Sath Chalo! Chunanche, Apne Bete Ko Leker Aap Ek Jangal May Pahuche! Hazrat Ismayil Ne Pucha, Abbajaan! Aap Yeh Choori Aur Rassi Leker Kyon Chalte Hain? Farmaya Aage Chalker Ek Qurbani Zubah Karege!

Fir Aage Chalker Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihi Salam Ne Saaf-Saaf Bayaan Farma Diya Aur Kaha, Beta! Main To ALLAH Ki Rah May Tujhe Hi Zubah Karne Aaya Hoon! Maine Khwab May Dekha Hain Ki Tujhe Zubah Kar Raha Hoon! Beta! Yeh ALLAH Ki Marzi Hain, Bata Teri Marzi Kya Hain? Hazrat Ismayil Ne Jawab Diya-

Abbajaan! Jab ALLAH Ki Marzi Yahi Hain To Fir Meri Marzi Ka Kya Sawal? Aapko Jis Baat Ka Hukm Hua Hain, Aap Wo Kijiye! Insha-Allah Main Sabr Karke Dikhaounga! Bete Ka Yeh Zurrat-Aamez Jawab Sunker Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihi Salam Bade Khush Hue Aur Apne Bete Ko ALLAH Ki Rah May Zubah Karne Per Taiyyar Hogaye! Jab Baap Ne Apne Bete Ko Maathe Ke Bal Litaya Aur Gardhan Per Choori Rakhi Aur Use Chalaya To Choori Ne Gardhan-A-Ismayil Ko Bilkul Na Kaata! Aapne Aur Zor Se Choori Chalayi To Awaaz Aayi, Bas Aye Ibrahim! Tum Hukm-A-Ilahi Ki Taamil Ker Chuke Aur Is Sakht Imtihaan May Khare Utre! Aapne Mudker Dekha To Ek Doomba Paas Hi Khada Tha Aur Aapse Keh Raha Tha Ki Hazrat Ismayil Ki Jagah Mujhe Zabah Kijiye! Aur Ineh Hata Dijiye, Chunanche Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihi Salam Ne Us Doombe Ko Zibah Kerdiya!

Hazrat Ismayil Uth Baithe Aur Is Imtehaan May Kaamyab Hogaye!

(Quraan-A-Karim Para-23, Kutub-A-Tafasir)

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SABAK:-
ALLAH Wale ALLAH Ki Rah May Sab Kuch Qurbaan Karne Per Taiyyar Hojate Hain Hatta Ki Aulaad Bhi! Fir Aaj Jo Log ALLAH Ki Rah May Ek Bakra Bhi Dene Per Hazaar Heel Wa Hujjat Karte Hain Unka Khuda Se Kya Taalluk?
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Types of Water from which wudhu is allowed

Types of Water from which wudhu is allowed

Following are the types of Water from which we can do wudhu (Water types From Which Wudhu is allowed)

1. Rain water.

2. Well water.

3. Spring, sea or river water.

4. Water of melting snow or hail.

5. Water of a big tank or pond.

Things that can break Wudhu

Things that can break Wudhu

One has to perform the wudhu again when any of the following things happen

1.Discharging of URINE, STOOL or the coming out of anything from the PRIVATE PARTS.

2. Discharging of GASES.

3. VOMITING in MOUTHFUL.

4. To fall ASLEEP lying down or by resting the body against something.

5. To FAINT due to some illness or any other reason.

6. Becoming INSANE or going MAD.

7. LAUGHING ALOUD whilst in NAMAAZ.

8. FLOWING of BLOOD or MATTER from any part of the body.

Prohibitions in Wuzu

There are ten prohibitions in performing an ablution

1-When relieving one or urinating in the toilet or outdoors, one should not turn one's front or back towards the Qibla. It is makruh also to stretch one's feet towards the Qibla or the Quran. If the Quran is above one it will not be makruh.

2-It is haram to open one's private parts near someone in order to make taharat.

3-One should not make taharat with one's right hand.

4-When there is no water, it is makruh to make taharat (to clean oneself ) with food products, manure,bones,animals food,coal,someone else's property,reeds,leaves. Instead of that should have "Tayammum".

5-One must not spit or throw mucus into the pool where one makes an ablution.

6-One should not wash one's limbs of ablution much more or less than the prescribed limit, nor wash them more or less than three times.

7-While washing the face, one must not splash the water on one's face, but pour it from the upper forehead downwards.

8-One must not blow on or over the surface of the water.

9-One must not close one's mouth and eyes tightly. If even a tiny part of the outward part of the lips or the eyelids is left dry, the ablution will not be acceptable.

10-One must not make masah on one's head, ears or neck more than once after moistening the hands each time. But it can be repeated with moistening the hands again.

Makruhat of Wudhu (Ablution)

Makruhat of Wudhu (Ablution)

1- To make an ablution before it is time for Salaat.




2-If the private parts have not been smeared with najasat (impurity); it is an adab to wash them with water. If the najasat (impurity) is less than one dirham [which is equal to one mithqal: four grams and eighty centigrams], it is sunnat to wash. If one has been smeared with one dirham of it, it is wajib, and if more than that it is fard to wash.

3-To wipe oneself dry with a piece of cloth after washing. If there is no cloth one must wipe with one's hand.

4-To cover oneself right after the cleaning is completed.

5-Not to ask for help from anybody, but to perform the ablution by oneself. If one pours water for one without being asked, it will be permissible.

6-To turn towards the qibla when making an ablution.

7-Not to talk while making an ablution.

8-To recite the kalmia-i-shahadat while washing each limb.

9-To recite the prescribed prayers (du'a) of ablution.

10-To put water in the mouth with the right hand.

11-To put water in the nose with the right and to clean the nose with the left hand.

12-When washing the mouth, rinse it if not fasting.

13-When washing the nostrils, to draw the water almost up to the bone.

14-When applying masah on the ears, insert each little finger into each earhole, respectively.

15-To use the little finger of the left hand when washing between the toes when inserting from the lower sides of them.

16-To shift the ring when washing the hands. It is necessary and fard to shift a tight ring.

17-Not to waste water though it may be plentiful.

18-Not to use little water so as to appear rubbing with oil. During each the three washing, at least two drops of water must fall from the place washed.

19-After using a container for ablution, to leave the container full of water so that the other may use it.

20-To recite the prayer (du'a ) "ALLAHUMMAJ'ALNI MINATTAWWABIN….."after or during the ablution.

21-To make an ablution though one has an ablution. In other words, after performing one namaz, renew your ablution for the next namaz.

22-To clean the inner corner of the eyes and clear away the dried mucus in the eyelids when washing the face.

23-When washing the face, the arms and the feet, wash a little more than the compulsory amount. When washing the arms, we must fill our palm with water and then pour it towards the elbow.

24-When performing an ablution, do not let the water used splash back on the body, the cloths, etc.

25-To wash the face with both hands.

26-To put the water container on the right side. While performing an ablution.

27-When washing the foot, start from the fingers.

28-To perform two rak'at [cycle] salaat after an ablution, which is called "THAHEEYA-TUL-WUDU".

Sunnats of Wudhu (Wuzu)

Sunnats of Wudhu (Wuzu)
There are 13 sunnat of wudhu, they are as follow

1. Making intention(Niyat Karna, making intension that I am making wudhu for doing ibadat of Allah)
2. Read Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
3. Wash you’re both hands three times just above the wrist, wash right hand wrist first and then left hand wrist.
4. Doing mishwak
5. Rinsing and gargling the mouth three times
6. Wash your nose three times (Clean the nostrils of the nose by sniffing water into them, three times.)
7. Wash every part three times
8. Do khilal of beard(pass wet fingers into the beard.)
9. Do khilal of hands and legs finger
10. Do one time Masha of whole head
11. Do Mashah of both ear’s
12. Do wudhu in the right format
13. Keep on doing wudhu means wash one part after the other part so no part dries up before the Wudhu is completed

Hajj Glossory

Al-Haram
The Holy City of Makkah and its surrounding areas. Al-Haram has different boundaries. These boundaries extend to three miles on one side, seven on the other and nine miles towards Jeddah. Within these boundaries of Al-Haram it is forbidden to hunt, bother any animal, or to cut grass or trees. One is permitted to kill dangerous animals like snakes, scorpions, rats or animals with rabies (dogs, etc.)

Al-Mash'ar/Muzdalifa
The Valley between Arafaat and Mina, where pilgrims should make a Du'a after they have slept in Muzdalifa while they are going to Makkah to throw Jamrat al-Aqabah on the morning of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.

Allahu Akbar
God is great.

Arafah (Arafaat)
The area that surrounds Mount Rahmah, Southeast of Makkah.

Ashwat
Plural of Shawt - See Shawt.

Asr
Afternoon. The Asr prayer is the prescribed prayer to be performed between afternoon and sunset.

Black Stone
The stone in the Southeast corner of the Kaa'bah from which Muslims begin the Tawaf. Also called as Hijr Al-Aswad.

Circumambulating
To walk around (something), especially as part of a ritual. See also: Tawaf.

Du'a
Supplication for Allah.

Dhul-Hijjah
See Thul-Hijjah.

Eidul Adha
One of the Islamic holiday. It represents the celebration of sacrifice.

Fajr
Dawn. The Fajr prayer is the prescribed prayer to be performed between dawn and sunrise.

Ghusul
Complete bathing.

Ghurub
Sunset. Maghrib prayer is the prescribed sunset prayer. Also see Maghrib

Hajira/Hajar/Hager
Wife of prophet Ibrahim/Abraham (pbuh) and mother of prophet Ismail/Ishmael (pbuh).

Hajj
The 5th pillar of Islam, to be performed at least once in a lifetime.

Ifadah
Refers to the Tawaf that is done by a Muslim when she/he comes from Muzdalifa.

Ihraam/Ehram
The state in which one starts Umrah or Hajj, and during which certain acts are prohibited. Some of these acts are: cutting hair, shaving any parts of the body, clipping nails, putting perfumes or colognes, killing or hunting animals, sexual intercourse, making marriage proposals, or marriage contracts.

Isha
Isha. The Isha prayer is the prescribed prayer to be performed between once the night settles until dawn.

Itslam
The act of kissing the Hajr-e-Aswad (Black Stone) is called Istlam.

Jam' Prayers
Combining prayers. Under certain circumstances, Zuhur and Asr prayers can be combined, and Maghrib and Isha prayers can be combined. When this is done, the two prayers are offered at the same time, with one adhan and two separate Iqamahs, one for each prayer.

Jamrah
The pillar at which the pilgrim throws pebbles. There are three Jamrahs pillars at which pilgrims throw pebbles. Jamrah Al-Ula, Jamara Al-Wusta & Jamrah Al-Aqabah.

Kaa'bah
The square stone building in al-Haraam mosque in Makkah and towards which all Muslim face in every prayer.

Kaffara
Means expiation.

Labbaik
A call meaning "Here I Come". It is the Muslim's expression of answering the invitation of God to perform pilgrimage.

Madinah
The city which Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) migrated, about 450 km northeast of Makkah.

Maghrib
Sunset. The Maghrib prayer is the prescribed prayer to be performed between sunset and the time when all day light is gone.

Makkah
The holiest city for Muslims, located in Western Saudi Arabia.

Maqam-e-Ibraheem
Abraham's station, a small glass station 30 meters from the Kaa'bah door. It is the place where prophet Abraham used to stand when he was building the Kaa'bah.

Marwah
The hill on which a pilgrim ends his/her sayee. It is about 250 meters Northeast of the Kaa'bah.

Mina
An area close to Makkah on the road to Arafah.

Miqat
The place where Muslims declare their intention to make Hajj or Umrah and begin the state of Ihraam. The Miqat boundary is anchored by different townships and locations in different directions around the Kaabah. They are (1)Dhul-Hulaifa in the North, (2)Yalamlam in the South-East, (3)Zat Irq in the North-East, (4)Al-Johfa in the North-West, (5)Qarn al-Manazil in the East.

Muzdalifa/Al-Mash'ar
The place between Arafah and Mina where pilgrims stay the night on the 9th of Thul-Hijjah.

Nafl
A Nafl (supererogatory) act is an act of worship done because it has been suggested to us by the Prophet (pbuh) and practiced by him on at least one or two occasions. It earns a reward for the person performing it and its omission does not incur any punishment.

Niyyah
Intention. When a person is performing pilgrimage, he/she has to set the intention.

Odhiya
See Udhia

Pilgrimage
The English word for Hajj. One of the 5 pillars of Islam.

Qiran(Combined Hajj)
The type of Hajj where a pilgrim makes Umrah in the same state of Ihraam. This is applicable only to persons who are resident within a radius of 16 Farsakh or 48 miles Sharii of Makkah.

Ruku
A position in the prayer where the Muslim leans forward and puts his/her hands on the knees.

Safa
The hill on which a pilgrim begins his/her sayee (walking). It is about 200 m Southeast of the Kaa'bah.

Sayee
The act of walking between the two hills - Safa and Marwah.

Shawt
Each complete round (circuit) around the Kaa'bah constitutes a Shawt. Plural of Shawt is Ashwat. The pilgrim performs 7 Ashwat in a Tawaf.

Takbeer
Saying Allahu Akbar.

Talbiyah
The response to Allah's call for Hajj.

Tamattu(Advantageous Hajj)
The type of Hajj where a pilgrim starts with Umrah then makes Hajj later on but in the same year.

Tarwiyah
The 8th day of Thul-Hijjah.

Tashreeq
The 11th, 12th, and 13th days of Thul-Hijjah.

Tawaf
Circumambulating the Kaa'bah. There are many types of Tawaf, such as Tawaf al-Qudum (upon arriving to Makkah), Tawaf al-Ifadah (when coming to Makkah from Mina after the day of Arafah), Tawafun-Nisa (The Tawaf of Women) and Tawaf al-Wada (Farewell Tawaf) before departing from Makkah.

Thul-Hijjah
The twelfth month of the Islamic lunar year.

Udhia
It is the animal sacrifice that a Muslim offers to God.

Umrah
An Islamic ritual that is performed at Makkah anytime of the year except between the 9th and the 13th of Thul-Hijjah (these days are only reserved for the full pilgrimage or Hajj). It includes Tawaf 7 times, Sayee between the hills of Safa and Marwah. It also requires some obligations from the pilgrim until the state of Ihraam is ended. Entering into the state of Ihraam and removal of Ihraam is carried out in the same manner as for the full pilgrimage.

Vudu
See Wudu.

Wadah
Tawaf al-Wadah is the last (farewell) circuit around the Kaa'bah.

Wudu
The act of performing ablution.

Yawm
Literally means Day. There are many meaningful days in the Hajj proceedings such as Yawm-e-Tarwiyah (first day of Hajj/8th day of Thul-Hijjah), Yawm-e-Arafa (second day of Hajj /9th day of Thul-Hijjah), Yawm-e-Nahr (third day of Hajj/Qurbani in Mina/10th day of Thul-Hijjah), etc.

Zamzam
The name of a well of water that sprang up beneath Prophet Ishmael's (pbuh) feet's, when he was an infant. It is about 150 m Southeast of the Kaa'bah.

Zuhur
Noon. The Zuhur prayer is the prescribed prayer to be performed between mid-day and afternoon.

Not going for Hajj Pilgrimage, What to do?

Not going for Hajj Pilgrimage, What to do?
The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are the most beloved to Allah (SWT). Prophet Muhammad (saw) testified to that. He said: "There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days." (Bukhari)

What activities in first ten days of Dhul Hijjah will bring the reward of Jannah?
Obviously, Hajj Pilgrimage is one of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days. However for those of us who were not invited to House of Allah (SWT) this year, there are still many, good deeds that one can do and earn the Pleasure of Allah (SWT).

Some of these good deeds areas follow:
1) Fast all nine days and especially fast the Day of Arafah

It is Sunnah for the Muslim to fast on the first nine days of Dhul Hijjah, because Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhul Hijjah and he said: "Fasting the Day of Arafah (ninth Dhul Hijjah) is an expiation for (all the sins of) the previous year and an expiation for (all the sins of) the coming year." (Muslim) Also Prophet Muhammad (saw) encouraged us to do righteous deeds in the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah and fasting is one of the best of deeds, which Allah (SWT) has chosen for Himself as it says in the Hadith Qudsi: "All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward for it."

2) Do a lot of Dhikr and Takbeer
Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "There are no days on which good deeds are greater or more beloved to Allah (SWT) than on these ten days", so recite much Tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allah), Takbeer (saying Allahu akbar) and Tahmeed (saying al-hamdu Lillaah)." (Ahmad)

Takbeer at this time is a Sunnah. So recite it in the masjid, in your home, on the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah (SWT).

Revive the Sunnah that have been virtually forgotten and earn great rewards for doing so. Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: "Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward." (Tirmidhi)

Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.

3) Stand in Night Prayers: (Tahajud, Qiyam al Layl)
Remember the virtues of spending the night in prayer and its sweetness in the month of Ramadan?

Why not revive this beautiful act of worship during these nights as well?
Remember, how in the last third of every night, Allah Almighty calls out to us, His servants: Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him? (Bukhari, Muslim)

Why do we miss this golden opportunity? So, seize the chance NOW and expose yourself to His Divine Generosity and Mercy, ask Him to forgive you and guide you and set things aright. He will surely listen.

4) Make Sincere Repentance
One of the most important action during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah (SWT) and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin right away because we do not know when we will die and thus become unable to repent and also because one evil deed leads to another.

But what does repentance mean? It means that you come back to Allah (SWT) and give up all the deeds, open and secret, that He dislikes that you regret whatever you did in the past, giving it up immediately and be determined never ever, to return to it, and resolve to adhere firmly to the Truth by doing whatever Allah (SWT) loves.

"But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful." [Al-Qasas, 28:67]

5) Come back to Holy Quran
It is time now to dust off your copy of Holy Quran and return to its refuge. Make it a daily habit, using these 10 days the beginning of a strong and beautiful relationship with it. Read it with meaning, reflect on it, understand it, and then implement it in your daily life. Remember that reading one letter of Holy Quran earns you ten rewards.

In this way, reading Surat Al-Fatihah, which doesn't take more than two minutes, will give you more than one thousand rewards! This is on ordinary days, so what about these magnificent days! Certainly the reward will be far greater, Insha Allah.

6) Increase all types of good deeds
If we are unable to go to Hajj Pilgrimage this year, we should occupy ourselves in the worship of Allah (SWT); pray extra prayers (Nafilah) recite Holy Quran. Make Dhikr of Allah(SWT), send Salaams on Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his Ahlul Bayt (as), make dua, give charity, honor parents, uphold ties of kinship, enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil and add other good deeds and acts of worship during these days.

"So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it; And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it." [Al-Zalzalah, 99:7-8]

7) Slaughter an animal (Qurbani/Udhiya) and distribute the meat
One of the righteous deeds that bring a person closer to Allah (SWT) in these ten days is to slaughter the sacrifice (Qurbani/Udhiya) and to look for a good, fat animal and to spend money on it for the sake of Allah (SWT).

Ibn Umar said: Prophet Muhammad (saw) lived in Madinah for 10 years and every year he slaughtered an animal." (Ahmad)

8) Attend Eid prayers
But remember that Eid prayer is a form of worship and we should avoid unislamic behavior (especially) in dress and in etiquette during these times.

9) Thank Allah (SWT)
One of the best forms of worshipping Allah (SWT) is to thank Him, deeply, sincerely and continuously.

Al-Hamdulillah, there is much to be gained in these coming days. Hasten to do good deeds and striving hard in worship.

"And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (death)." [Al-Hijr, 15:99]

Zamzam Water Facts: What is Zamzam?

Zamzam is the name of the well that provides the water to billions of people, have thirstily drunk from throughout history, especially during the Hajj pilgrimage.


Zamzam is linked to some of the most important personalities in world history: the Prophets Ibrahim and Ismail (peace be upon them) and Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him and his family), as well as Ismail's mother Hajira (may Allah be pleased with her).


According to Islamic tradition, Prophet Ibrahim (a.s.) rebuilt the Bait-ul-Allah (House of Allah) at the site of the well, a building which had been originally constructed by Prophet Adam (a.s.), and today is called the Kaaba (Qiblah), a building towards which all Muslims around the world face in prayer, five times each day. Zamzam well is located approximately 20 meters east of the Kaaba. Zamzam well is located in Makkah, which is the heart of the Hajj pilgrimage. Zamzam well is 35 meters deep and topped by an elegant dome. The miracle water of Zamzam is still flowing until today. Subhanallah!


"The difference between Zamzam water and other (city water) was in the quantity of calcium and magnesium salts. The content of these was slightly higher in Zamzam water. This may be why this water refreshes tired Hajis, but more significantly, the water contains fluorides that have an effective germicidal action."


"This well has never dried up. On the contrary, it has always fulfilled the demand for water. It has always maintained the same salt composition and taste ever since it came into existence. Its potability has always been universally recognized as pilgrims from all over the world visit the Kaabah every year for Hajj and Umrah, but have never complained about it. Instead, they have always enjoyed the water that refreshes them. Water tastes different at different places. Zamzam water's appeal has always been universal. This water has never been chemically treated or chlorinated as is the case with water pumped into the cities. Biological growth and vegetation usually take place in most wells. This makes the water unpalatable owing to the growth of algae causing taste and odor problems."



How the Zamzam came into being?

All traditions agree that Allah (SWT) created the well to provide Hajira, the wife of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him), and her baby Prophet Ismail (peace be upon him) with water in the hot, dry valley they were in, around the year 2000 BC.


In her desperate search for water, Hajira ran seven times back and forth in the scorching heat between the two hills of Safa and Marwa to provide for her baby who was dying of thirst. Today, this same act is a necessary rite of Hajj pilgrimage all Muslims, mothers and fathers, must complete.


Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) settled his family there as part of Allah's mission for him. The first thing Hajira had to do then was to look for water in the area. She was searching for it while watching at her son and would run whenever she could not see Ismail. Allah (SWT) saw her effort and miraculously blessed the spot with a water spring, at the feet of Prophet Ismail (as).


Zamzam before Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him)

The appearance of the Zamzam began the settlement of the Makkan valley, where the descendants of Prophet Ismail populated the area.


But as time passed, Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail's monotheistic message, which once dominated the region, began taking a backseat to pagan, polytheistic beliefs.


Nonetheless, the well of Zamzam retained its importance in later generations. The grandfather of the Prophet, Abdul Muttalib, was honored with the responsibility of taking care of the well and the pilgrims to Makkah.


Zamzam water: the power drink

One of the miracles of Zamzam water is its ability to satisfy both thirst and hunger. One of the Companions of the Prophet said that before Islam, the water was called "Shabbaa'ah" or satisfying. It was filling and helped them nourish their families.

After Islam, this powerful ability to quench thirst and fill stomachs remained. Prophet Muhammad said: "The best water on the face of the earth is the water of Zamzam; it is a kind of food and a healing from sickness."


According to the Muslim collection of Hadith, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, a Companion (Sahabi), noted that when he first arrived in Makkah during the early days of Islam, not only did he satisfy his hunger and thirst but he survived only on Zamzam water for a whole month.


More recently, in the last few decades, scientists have collected samples of Zamzam water and they have found certain peculiarities that make the water healthier, like a higher level of calcium.


Zamzam water: a cure for sickness

Apart from its ability to serve as satisfying food and drink, Zamzam water's health benefits are also commended. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him and his family) said it was a healing from sickness. This is why pilgrims to Makkah to this day collect it in bottles to bring for relatives and friends back home who are ill.


Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him and his family) used to carry Zamzam water in pitchers and water skins back to Madinah. He used to sprinkle it over the sick and make them drink it.

Wahab Ibn Munabbah, who was from the second generation of Muslims, said 'I swear by Him in whose possession my life is, Allah Ta'ala will relieve the person of all illnesses who drinks Zamzam to his fill and will also grant him good health.'


Zamzam water and Hajj pilgrimage

During Hajj and Umra, pilgrims are recommended to drink Zamzam water to their fill to quench their thirst. They also continue the tradition of bringing it back for family and friends.


For example, despite tight US laws forbidding the import of foreign liquids and fruits, there is an exception made for pilgrims returning from Makkah, who bring water of the Zamzam home for loved ones.


A Halo of Koranic Steam

We have recently realized the value of the use of amulets. It has been scientifically proven that water is affected by what is recited over it. Japanese researcher Masaru Emoto has had a unique experience. He said that he had read in a book that each snowflake falling from the sky is unique. He said that his scientific instincts told him that this was not true. The geometric shape of the snowflake is determined by its chemical composition. The composition of water is well known - two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. So how come snowflakes that fall from the sky are different from one another? He said: "I was determined to prove that this theory was false." He built a laboratory, consisting of a deep freezer with a regulator, because no liquid, subjected to sudden freezing, can assume a geometric shape. The freezing must be slow, so the atoms have the chance to crystallize into the shape decreed by Allah (SWT). There was a deep freezer with a regulator, a cold room at the temperature of -7°C, and several microscopes equipped with cameras, so he could photograph the snowflake before it melted. The scientists working in this room wore warm clothing. He said: "I took samples from two faucets in the laboratory, I froze them, and each sample gave me a different snowflake. The samples came from two different wells, two different rivers, from two different lakes. I almost went crazy and thought this was witchcraft." A Saudi student at the University of Tokyo happened to meet him, and asked him what was wrong. Masaru told him his problem. The student said to him: "We have blessed water, called Zamzam water. I will give you a sample of this water so you can experiment on it. Zamzam water is not affected by witchcraft or Jinns, so using it can prove or disprove the whole theory." Emoto took a sample of Zamzam water, and said: "I couldn't crystallize it, even by diluting the water by 1,000." In other words, he turned one cubic centimeter into one liter.


He said that when he diluted the water by 1,000 and froze it, he got a uniquely-shaped crystal. Two crystals were formed, one on top of the other, but they assumed a unique form. When he asked his Muslim colleague why there were two crystals, he told him it was because "Zamzam" is composed of two words: "Zam" and "Zam."


Masaru Emoto said: "My Muslim colleague offered to recite Koranic verses over the water. He brought a tape-recorder and played some Koranic verses, and we got the most perfectly-shaped crystals. Then he played the 99 names of Allah (SWT). Each name produced a uniquely-shaped crystal. Then he began cursing the water. We said: Water, you are impure. You are not suited for consumption. The water, in this case, did not freeze, or produced an extremely ugly crystal." When they uttered bad words like "war" or "fighting," the water did not freeze, or else produced an ugly shape. When the man completed these experiments, which lasted 15 years, he published a five-volume book called Messages from Water. He wrote: "I have proven that water, that peculiar liquid, is capable of thinking, fathoming, feeling, getting excited, and expressing itself."


Following was written by a Japanese Scientist Masaru Emoto:

The quality / purity of Zamzam water has, will not be find any where else in the water on this earth.


He used the technology named NANO, and researched a lot on Zamzam water. And found out that if one drop of Zamzam water mix in 1000 drops of regular water, regular water will get the same quality like Zamzam water.


He also found that a mineral in one drop of Zamzam water has its own importance that will not be find any other water on this earth.


He also found in some tests that the quality or ingredients of Zamzam water can not be changed, why, science does not know the reason.


Even he re-cycled the Zamzam water, but no change it was still pure.

This scientist also found out that, the Muslims say BISMILLAH before eating/drinking. He says that after saying BISMILLAH on regular water, there are some strange changes happened in the quality of regular water. That make it best water.


He also found out that if some one recites the Quran on regular water, it gets the ability for the treatment of different diseases.


Masaru Emoto is a Japanese author known for his claim that if human speech or thoughts are directed at water droplets before they are frozen, images of the resulting water crystals will be beautiful or ugly depending upon whether the words or thoughts were positive or negative. Emoto claims this can be achieved through prayer, music or by attaching written words to a container of water.


Wait a minute - Aren't you made up of Water?

Yes! 72% of your body is made up of water. Imagine how your words affect your own body. When you say, "I'm a failure," or "I'm hopeless," or "I won't get well," imagine how these words weaken your health.


Make a choice to say the best words out there. Say often, "I'm wonderful," and "I'm beautiful".

HOLY QURAN References, HAJJ AND UMRAH, AL-BAQARA, AL-E-IMRAN, AL-MAEDA, AL-HAJJ

HAJJ AND UMRAH REFERENCES IN HOLY QURAN, AL-BAQARA, AL-E-IMRAN, AL- MAEDA, AL-HAJJ



AL-BAQARA (THE COW)



01. Surely the Safa and the Marwa (two mountains in Makkah) are among the signs appointed by Allah; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously, then surely Allah is Grateful, Knowing. 2:158



02. They ask you (O Muhammad) concerning the new moon. Say: They are times appointed for (the benefit of) men, and (for) the pilgrimage; and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses at their backs, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their doors and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, that you may be successful. 2:189



03. And accomplish the pilgrimage (the Hajj and Umrah) and the visit for Allah, but if, you are prevented, (send) whatever offering is easy to obtain, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its destination; but whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head, he (should effect) a compensation by fasting or alms or sacrificing, then when you are secure, whoever profits by combining the visit with the pilgrimage (should take) what offering is easy to obtain; but he who cannot find (any offering) should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and for seven days when you return; these (make) ten (days) complete; this is for him whose family is not present in the Sacred Mosque, and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that Allah is severe in requiting (evil). 2:196






04. The pilgrimage is (performed in) the well-known months; so whoever determines the performance of the pilgrimage therein, there shall be no intercourse nor fornication nor quarrelling amongst one another; and whatever good you do, Allah knows it; and make provision, for surely the provision is the guarding of oneself, and be careful (of your duty) to Me, O men of understanding. 2:197



05. There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord, so when you hasten on from "Arafat", then remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones. 2:198



06. Then hasten on from the Place from which the people hasten on and ask the forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. 2:199



07. So when you have performed your devotions (manasik), then laud Allah as you lauded your fathers, rather a greater lauding. But there are some people who say, Our Lord! Give us in the world, and they shall have no resting place. 2:200






AL-E-IMRAN (THE FAMILY OF IMRAN)



08. In it are clear signs, the standing place of Ibrahim, and whoever enters it shall be secure, and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds. 3:97









AL-MAEDA (THE TABLE SPREAD)



09. O you who believe! Fulfill the obligations. The cattle quadrupeds are allowed to you except that which is recited to you, not violating the prohibition against game when you are entering upon the performance of the pilgrimage; surely Allah orders what He desires. 5:01



10. O you who believe! Do not violate the signs appointed by Allah nor the sacred month, nor (interfere with) the offerings, nor the sacrificial animals with garlands, nor those going to the sacred house seeking the grace and pleasure of their Lord; and when you are free from the obligations of the pilgrimage, then hunt, and let not hatred of a people - because they hindered you from the Sacred Masjid - incite you to exceed the limits, and help one another in goodness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and aggression; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is severe in requiting (evil). 5:02



11. O you who believe! Allah will certainly try you in respect of some game, which your hands and your lances can reach, that Allah might know who fears Him in secret; but whoever exceeds the limit after this, he shall have a painful punishment. 5:94



12. O you who believe! Do not kill game while you are on pilgrimage, and whoever among you shall kill it intentionally, the compensation (of it) is the like of what he killed, from the cattle, as two just persons among you shall judge, as an offering to be brought to the Kaaba or the expiation (of it) is the feeding of the poor or the equivalent of it in fasting, that he may taste the unwholesome result of his deed; Allah has pardoned what is gone by; and whoever returns (to it), Allah will inflict retribution on him; and Allah is Mighty, Lord of Retribution. 5:95






13. Lawful to you is the game of the sea and its food, a provision for you and for the travelers, and the game of the land is forbidden to you so long as you are on pilgrimage, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, to Whom you shall be gathered. 5:96



14. Allah has made the Kaaba, the sacred house, a maintenance for the people, and the sacred month and the offerings and the sacrificial animals with garlands; this is that you may know that Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that Allah is the Knower of all things. 5:97



AL-HAJJ (THE PILGRIMAGE)



15. Surely (as for) those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from Allah's way and from the Sacred Mosque which We have made equally for all men, (for) the dweller therein and (for) the visitor, and whoever shall incline therein to wrong unjustly, We will make him taste of a painful chastisement. 22:25



16. And when We assigned to Ibrahim the place of the House, saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray and bow and prostrate themselves. 22:26



17. And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage: they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path, 22:27



18. That they may witness advantages for them and mention the name of Allah during stated days over what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds, then eat of them and feed the distressed one, the needy. 22:28



19. Then let them accomplish their needful acts of shaving and cleansing, and let them fulfil their vows and let them go round the Ancient House. 22:29


























20. That (shall be so); and whoever respects the sacred ordinances of Allah, it is better for him with his Lord; and the cattle are made lawful for you, except that which is recited to you, therefore avoid the uncleanness of the idols and avoid false words, 22:30



21. Being upright for Allah, not associating aught with Him and whoever associates (others) with Allah, it is as though he had fallen from on high, then the birds snatch him away or the wind carries him off to a far-distant place. 22:31



22. That (shall be so); and whoever respects the signs of Allah, this surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts. 22:32



23. You have advantages in them till a fixed time, then their place of sacrifice is the Ancient House. 22:33



24. And to every nation We appointed acts of devotion that they may mention the name of Allah on what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds; so your god is One God, therefore to Him should you submit, and give good news to the humble, 22:34



25. (To) those whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned, and those who are patient under that which afflicts them, and those who keep up prayer, and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them. 22:35








26. And (as for) the camels, We have made them of the signs of the religion of Allah for you; for you therein is much good; therefore mention the name of Allah on them as they stand in a row, then when they fall down eat of them and feed the poor man who is contented and the beggar; thus have We made them subservient to you, that you may be grateful. 22:36



27. There does not reach Allah their flesh nor their blood, but to Him is acceptable the guarding (against evil) on your part; thus has He made them subservient to you, that you may magnify Allah because He has guided you aright; and give good news to those who do good (to others). 22:37

Hasbi Rabbi JalAllah - H.D, A.R.Rahman Video Naat

Hasbi Rabbi JalAllah - H.D, A.R.Rahman Video Naat



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Ya Rab Dil e Muslim ko - ABDUL RAUF RUFI

What makes Ghusl Fard?

What makes Ghusl Fard?
On five occasions the Ghusl is Fard.
1) Release of sperm with pleasure. If jumped from a higher place or lifted heavier stuff which caused sperm to discharge, Ghusl is not wajib but will break the Wuzu.

2) Wet dream with semen discharge.

3) When ever the tip of man's private part enters woman's private part.(Even with intention or without intention)

4) Haiz (monthly period for women)

5) Nafaas (The release of blood after a woman gives birth)

BUJURGON KI NAMAZ

BUJURGON KI NAMAZ - HIQAYAT
Hazrat Haatim Asam Rehmatullah Ta'aala Alaihi Se Kisine Daryaft Kiya Ki Aap Namaz Kis Tarah Padhte Hain! Aapne Farmaya Ki Jab Namaz Ka Waqt Aata Hain To Main Jaahir Ka Wazu Karta Hoon Aur Baatin Ka Wazu Bhi Karta Hoon! Wo Wazu Mera Is Tarah Hota Hain Ki Jaahiri Wazu Pani Se Karta Hoon Aur Baatini Wazu Tauba Ke Pani Se Karta Hoon! Fir Masjid May Dakhil Hota Hoon Aur Kaaba Sharif Ka Mushahida Karta Hoon! Makaam-A-Ibrahim Ko Dono Aabru Ke Darmiyan Rakhta Hoon Aur Bahisht Ko Apni Dahine Taraf Aur Dozak Ko Bayin Taraf! Pulsiraat Ko Apne Kadmo Ke Niche Rakhta Hoon! Malkul Maut Ko Pusht Ke Piche Khayal Karta Hoon Aur Dil Ko Khuda Ki Taraf Mutawajjah Karta Hoon Balki Usko Soap Deta Hoon! Us Waqt Badi Taazim Ke Sath Takbir Kehta Hoon! Badi Hurmat Ke Sath Kayaam Karta Hoon! Badi Haibat Wa Shaukat Ke Sath Kir-at Karta Hoon Aur Badi Azizi Ke Sath Ruku May Jata Hoon! Nihayat Azizi Ke sath Sazda Baja Lata Hoon! Bahoat Hi Hilm Wa Burdhbari Ke Sath Qaida May Bait-ta Hoon! Nihayat Sukr-Guzaari Ke Sath Salam Fherta Hoon! Main Is Tarah Namaz Padhta Hoon! (Tazkiratul Auliya, Pg-302)
*********************************
SABAK:-
ALLAH Walon Ki Namaz Wakayi Namaz Hoti Hain! Ek Hamari Namaz Bhi Hain Ki Hazaar Khamiyan Usme Payi Jati Hain! Fir Ek Shaks Jisne Saari Umr Namaz Padhi Hi Na Ho Wo Un ALLAH Walon Per Ehteraaz Kare To Wo Kis Qadr Na-Aakibat Andesh Hain!

Salatul Tasbih - For forgiveness of All Sins

Benefits of Salat-Ul-Tasbih
Our Beloved Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho Alihiwa Sallam) said to his uncle Sayyiduna Abbass (may Allah be pleased with him), "Oh uncle, Shall I not give you? Shall I not grant you? Shall I not award you? Shall I not do mercy on you? When you do 10 things Allah will forgive your sins: of the future and of the past; new and old; those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly; big and small; hidden and revealed."

Then he (Sallallaho Alihiwassallam) explained the taught the way to pray Salatul Tasbih and then said if you can pray this salah once a day, if you can not pray once a day then every Friday, and even if this is not possible then once a month and even if this is not possible then once a year and even if this is not possible then at least once in a lifetime (Abu Dawood & Tirimzi)

How to perform Salatul Tasbih
This salaat (namaz) is offered in four rakat at a time and can be read in any part of the day and night besides Zawal and Sunrise and Sunset makrooh times, keeping in mind the forbidden times for performing Salat (namaaz). But is is preferred before Zuhr (Fatawa Alamgeeri)

The Tasbih to be read in Salaat-Ul-Tasbeeh:

" Subhaan Allahi Wal Hamdulillahi Wa Laa ilaha illal Laahu Wallahu Akbar "

Method:
Goal is to recite above Tasbih 300 times in Four Rakah with the following method.
In the first rakaat, after reading Sana "Subhaana Kallahumma...", read the tasbih 15 times.

Now recite "Aoozubillah...", "Bismillah...", Then read sura Fatiha and a Surah or minimum of three small Ayayhs then read the tasbih 10 times again.

Go to ruku saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar), after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem" minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Ruku.

Saying "Samee Allahu Liman Hamidah Rabbana Lakal Hamdh" get up from ruku to qiyam position.

Now read the tasbih 10 times.
Go to Sajdah saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar) and after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah.

Now go after first Sajdah go to Jalsa (sitting position) saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar). Sitting in Jalsa read tasbih 10 times.

Go to sajda again saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar) and after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah again.

Get up to begin 2nd rakat saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar).

Do rakah #2 in same fashion, but before reading Bismillah "Bismillah...", and Surah Fatiha, read the tasbih 15 times. Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat.

After second Sajdah of Second Rakat sit in Qaidah Oola (first sitting) read Attahiyat, Durood and Dua then get up for 3rd rakaat without saying Salam.

Begin third Rakat, just like the first Rakat, with Sana "Subhaana Kallahumma...", read the above tasbih 15 times.

Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat untill you sit for Qaidah Akihra (last sitting) after second sajdah of fourth Rakah.

In Qaidah Akihra Attahiyat, Durood, Dua finish Salah with Salam.

Special notes for Salat-Ul-Tasbih:

1) Do not count loudly. It will break Salah


2) Do not count on fingers or by holding a Bead Tasbih in hand. It is Makruh.


3) You may count by pressing the fingers as a reminder. For example if you are in Ruku. You me press pinky of your right hand first for the first count, then the finger next to it for second count, then the middle finger for third count, following this method untill you reach the pinky of left hand will give you an exact count of ten. Use the same method in Qayam, Sajdah and Jalsa.


4) If missed a count then make it up in the next posture. For example if forgot to recite Tasbih after Surah in Qayam. Then you may recite Tasbish 20 times instead of 10 in Rukuh after "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem". Missed Tasbih cannot be recited in Qayam after ruku and Jalsa between Sajdah. If you missed the Tasbih in Ruku then recite 20 in the first Sajdah instead of the Qayam after rukuh. Similarly if missed the Tasbih in first Sajdah then do not make it up in Jalsa. Instead recite missed tasbih in the second Sajdah. If Tasbih has been missed in last sajdah of second or fourth Rakah then you can recite the missed ones before Attahiyat in Qaidah.

5) If you miss a wajib in Salah and have to do Sajdah Sahaw. You dont have to recite Tasbih in Sajdah sahoo, since the 300 count has been estalished. But if you had missed Tasbih in any of the postures and remeber it now. Then you may recite the missed Tasbih in Sajdah Sahaw now.

6) It is preferable to recite after Surah Fatiha Sura Takathuur in the first raka’, Surah Wal A’sr in the second raka’, Surah Kaferoon (qul ya aiyuhal Kafiroon) in the third and Surah Akhlas (Qul hu Allah-hu ahd) in the fourth raka’. If one does not remember these surah they can recite the ones they prefer.

May Allah accept this dua’ (supplication) for the sake of the trustworthy PROPHET MOHAMMED (Allah’s Grace & Peace be upon him)

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN PERFORMING SALAAT (Namaz)

(i) When beginning to perform salaat, a woman raises both hands up to the level of her shoulders. While standing she puts her right hand on the left hand. However, she does not grasp her left wrist the fingers of her right hand. She puts her hands on her breast. While making ruku, her hands are placed on the knees, but do not grasp them. She keeps her fingers close together. She does not keep her legs straight, nor her back level. While making sajda, she lowers herself, bringing her arms to her side while she keeps her abdomen placed over her thighs. She sits on the buttocks, her legs inclined towards right.

(ii) A woman cannot be imam for men. If they follow a man as imam, they should be in last line of the jama'at.

(iii) While performing salaat in jama'at, if a woman stands besides or in front of a man, the man salaat will be Fasid (nullified).

PRAYER AFTER THE SALAAT

(i) It is mustahab (good) for the imam to turn right or left or towards the jama'at.

(ii) It is stated in a hadith, 'If a person says, "Astaghfirullah Al'azim-il-llazi La ilaha illa Huw-al-hayy-ul-qayyuma Wa Atubu ilayh", after every prayer of salaat, all his sins will be forgiven.

(iii) Imam and the followers raise their hands as high as their chest and pray (Dua) for themselves and for all muslims. A hadith declares, 'Prayers (Dua) sent after the five daily fard will be accepted.' (Tirmidhi). But the prayers (Dua) must be done with a vigilant heart. Not with fingers turned towards the qibla, arms not opened apart in the right-left direction, arms too close to each other, too far forward etc.

(iv) While saying Dua, the fact is that it is mustahab (good) to say salaat and salaam upon RasoolAllah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),

(v) After making your Prayers (Dua), it is sunnat to rub the hands gently on the face.

Conditions for a salaat (Namaz)

There are Seven Condition for a salaat (Namaz) to be corrected they are as follow

1-Niyyat (intention)
2-Tahrima (To say Allah Akbar)
3-Qiyam (Standing)
4-Qiraat (Recitation of Quran by mouth gently)
5-Ruku (To bow)
6-Sajda (Prostration)
7-Qai'da-e- Akhira (Last sitting)


NIYYAT (intention) is made while saying the takbir at the beggining. It is permissible to make niyyat before that, too.

(I) To make niyyat for salaat means to intend in the heart to perform a particular Salaat - Its name, time, qibla, to wish to follow the imam (when performing salaat in jama'at) etc. Such as saying, "I pray two rakat (or as many required for that time) Fard (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or say Wajib if its Wajib or Say Nafil if its Nafil) of Fajr (or whichever Salaat it is) for Allah Ta'ala and facing towards the Ka'aba."

(ii) Knowledge only, that is, knowing what is to be done will not be niyyat.
(iii) The niyyat made after the takbir of beginning is not correct and that salaat is not acceptable. (iv) When making niyyat for prayers that are fard or wajib, it is necessary to know which fard or wajib they are. For example, it is necessary to know the name of the fard and to say for instance, "To perform today's early afternoon prayer (Zuhr)," or, the time's fard." When performing the salaat of Eid or witr, it is necessary to think of its being wajib and its name.

(v) It is good (mustahab) but not necessary to make niyyat for the number of rak'ats (cycles).

(vi) When performing a sunnat the niyyat "To perform salaat will suffice."

(vii) When beginning to worship, saying orally only is not called niyyat. Worships done without niyyat are not acceptable in all four Madhhabs (Hanfi, Shaafi, Maliki and Hambali). Thus niyyat is done from the heart.

TAHRIMA means to say "Allahu Akbar"
When beginning salaat it is Fard to say Tahrima. No other word to replace it is acceptable. If the takbir is said too long, like AAllah (with AA instead of one A) in the beginning or Akbaar (with aa instead of one a) at the end, salaat will not be accepted. If 'Takbir' is said before the Imam, salaat will not have started.

QIYAM means to stand.

(I) When standing, the two feet must be four finger's width apart from each other.


(ii) In Fards,Wajibs and in the sunnat of Fajr salaat Qiyam is Fard. It means a person who is healthy but performs the above mentioned salaat while sitting, is not acceptable, He must perform all of the mentioned Salaats with qiyam for his salaat to be accepted.

(iii) He who is too ill to stand should perform salaat sitting, and if too ill to sit he should lie down on his back and performs it with his head (by moving,nodding his head,etc,). A pillow must be put under his head so that his face will be towards the qibla instead of towards the sky. He bends his knees, so that he will not stretch his legs towards the qibla.
(iii) As qirat is wajib to recite Surah Fatiha and to also recite a sura or three ayats in every rak'at of sunnats and of witr prayer and in the first two rak'ats of the fard.
(iv) In the fard (prayers of salaat that are obligatory), it is wajib to say the Fatiha and the other sura at the two first rak'ats. Additionally, it is wajib to say Surah Fatiha before the sura. Furthermore, it is wajib to say the fatiha once in every rak'at. If one of these five wajibs is forgotten, it is necessary to make sajda-e-sahw.

(v) In the third and the fourth rak'ats of the fard, it is sunnat for the Imam as well as for a person who performs salaat individually to say the Fatiha. [Ibni Abidin shami, p 343].

(vi) A settled (resident) person who follows a traveling one stands up when the imam makes the salam after the second rak'at,and performs two more rak'ats,but he does not make the qirat. That is, he does not say the Fatiha or the other sura. He does not say any prayer as if he were praying salaat behind the imam.

(vii) In every prayer of salaat except Friday prayer and Eid prayer, it is sunnat for the imam that the sura he says in the first rak'at (after the Fatiha) be twice as long as the one he says in the second rak'at.

(viii) It is makruh to say a sura in the second rak'at three ayats longer than the sura said in the first rak'at.It is always wajib to read the suras or ayats from the Qur'an.

(xi) A person who is too ill to stand, or feels dizzy or has a headache or toothache or pain in some other part of his body or can not control wind or bleeding when he stands should perform salaat sitting.

QIRAT: Means to read (recite) by mouth gently. Reading gently means to read only as loud as can hear yourself. (I) The recitation is called Jahri, that is, loud if its heard by people who stand on each side of the recitor. (ii) It is fard to say an ayat (verse) of the Quran while in Qiyam (standing) in every Rakat and it must be in the order as they are written in the Quran. For example one cannot recite Surah Naas in first rakaat and Surah Ikhlas in second.

RUKU: After the sura you bend for Ruku whilst saying takbir. (I) In ruku men open their fingers and put them on their knees. They keep their back and head leveled in ruku. Also the arms and legs must be straight and then you say, "Subhana Rabbiyel Azeem" at least thrice. (ii) If the imam raises his head before you have said it three times you must raise your head too. You must not wait to complete the recitation thrice. In Ruku women do not open their fingers, they do not keep their head and back level, nor their arms and legs straight.

It is sunnat, for the imam as well as a person who is performing salaat alone, to say 'Sami Allahu liman hamidah' while straightening up from Ruku. The Jama'at does not say it. Right after saying it (if praying alone) or upon hearing the imam recite it (if with jama'at), you must say 'Rab'bana lakal hamd', and stand upright. Then, saying takbir (Allahu Akbar) start to kneel down for the Sajdah. First place the right knee and then the left knee, followed by the right and then left hand on the floor. Finally, the nose and the forehead bones are placed put on ground.

SAJDAH (prostration)
(i)
In Sajdah, fingers must be closed (no gap in between fingers), pointing towards the qibla in line with the ears, and the head must be between hands. It is fard to put the forehead on something clean, such a clean stone, clean ground, clean wood or clean cloth and it is wajib to put the nose down too. It is not permissible to put only the nose on the ground without a good excuse. It is makruh to put only the forehead on the ground. Thr nose should be pressured enough so that the bone of nose feel the ground, its very important to keep in account when perfoming salat on a soft carpet.

(ii) In sajda, you say, 'Subhana Rabbiyal A'la' at least thrice.

(iii) It is fard to put two feet or at least one finger of any foot on the ground. If both the feet are not placed on ground, salaat will be annulled and not be accepted.

(iv) It is sunnat to bend the toes and turn them towards the qibla.

(v) Men must keep their arms and thighs away from their abdomen.

(vi) Sajda must be done on the ground on condition that you will press on them until you feel their hardness, that is until your forehead cannot move downward any more. Same applies for the nose. Special precaution is required on this issue when peroforming salat on a carpet.

(vii) It is written in 'Halabi': "When going into sajda it is Makruh-e-Tehrimi to pull up the skirts of your loose long robe or your trousers, and it is Makruh-e-Tehrimi to fold them before beginning salaat. It is Makruh-e-Tehrimi to perform salaat with folded sleeves, cuffs or skirt." Special attention is needed on this issue for the people of India and Pakistan who wear Shalwar and Kurta. If pulled or folded one must repeat the Salat.

(viii) It is Makruh to perform salaat with a bare head because of laziness or without realizing the importance of performing salaat with a covered head. For, not to cover one's head means to disobey the ayat: "Take your ornamented clothes and cover yourself for salaat!"

(xi) It is sunnat to wrap a turban (Imama) around the head whether in white or black color as Rasulullah Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam used these colours or any other color.

(x) Allama Ibne Abidin Shami Rehmatullahi Ta'ala Alaih said, "Direction towards qibla is fard for salaat. That is, salaat is performed by turning towards the direction of the Ka'aba. Salaat is performed for Allah. Sajda is done for Allah Ta'ala only, not for the Ka'aba. One who makes sajdah for the Ka'aba becomes a disbeliever."

QAI'DA-I-AKHIRA:
Means sitting in the last rak'at. it is fard to sit as long as it takes to say the Athiyyat, "Atthayyato Lillahe Wassalawato Wat Tayyebato Assalamu Alaika Ayyohan Nabiyo Wa Rehmatullahe Wa Barakatoh Assalamu Alaina Wa Ala Ibadillahis Sualaiheen Ashadu An La ilaah illal Laho Wa Ashadu Anna Mohammadan Abdohoo Wa Rasooloohoo" When sitting, men put their left foot flat on the ground with it toes pointing towards the right. They sit on this foot. The right foot should be upright, with the toes touching the ground and bent and pointing towards the qibla.

NOTE 1: Women sit by Tawarruk. That is, they sit with their buttocks on the ground. Their thighs should be close to each other. Their feet should jut out from the right.

NOTE 2: When you reach at Ashadu An La raise your index finger of your right hand upward facing about 45 degrees by closing the fist, and drop it back and spread the hand to its original position at illal Laho.

KHUROOJ BI SUN'EEHI:
To signify the completion of prayer by word or action. It means to finish out prayer by saying or doing something. Salaat is completed by saying, "Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah" First by moving head towards right and saying it, then towards left and saying it.

How do we perform Salaat (Namaz) Islamic Prayer

When beginning salaat, men raise both hands. The tips of thumbs must touch the earlobes. Palms must be turned towards the Qibla. Saying of Allahu Akbar (Takbir) begins as the hands leave the ears and finish as they are folded under the navel.

NOTE: Women raise their both hands as high as their shoulders and say the takbir of beginning. Then they put their hands on their chest.

Women Rights Illustrated In Islam

Spiritual Equality of Women and Men

Allah has got ready forgiveness and tremendous rewards for the Muslim men and women; the believing men and women; the devout men and women; the truthful men and women; the patiently suffering men and women; the humble men and women; the almsgiving men and women; the fasting men and women, the men and women who guard their chastity; and the men and women who are exceedingly mindful of Allah. (Al-Ahzab 33:35)

Attitudes towards women
O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may take away part of the dower ye have given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good. (An-Nisa 4:19)

Collaboration and consultation
The believing men and women, are associates and helpers of each other. They (collaborate) to promote all that is beneficial and discourage all that is evil; to establish prayers and give alms, and to obey Allah and his Messenger. Those are the people whom Allah would grant mercy. Indeed Allah is Mighty and Wise. (Al-Taubah 9:71)

Examples of Consensual Decision Making
If both spouses decide, by mutual consent and consultation, on weaning [their baby], there is no blame on either. If you want to have your babies breastfed by a foster mother you are not doing anything blame-worthy provided you pay to the fostermother what you had agreed to offer, in accordance with the established manner. Fear Allah and know that Allah is aware it what you are doing”. (Al-Baqarah, 2:233)

Women’s Right to Attend Mosques
Narrated Ibn Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Allow women to go to the Mosques at night.” (Bukhari Volume 2, Book 13, Number 22)

Narrated Ibn Umar: One of the wives of Umar (bin Al-Khattab) used to offer the Fajr and the ‘Isha’ prayer in congregation in the Mosque. She was asked why she had come out for the prayer as she knew that Umar disliked it, and he has great ghaira (self-respect). She replied, “What prevents him from stopping me from this act?” The other replied, “The statement of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) : ‘Do not stop Allah’s women-slave from going to Allah s Mosques’ prevents him.” (Bukhari Volume 2, Book 13, Number 23)

Ibn ‘Umar reported: Grant permission to women for going to the mosque in the night. His son who was called Waqid said: Then they would make mischief. He (the narrator) said: He thumped his (son’s) chest and said: I am narrating to you the hadith of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and you say: No! (Sahih Muslim Book 004, Number 0890)

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Do not deprive women of their share of the mosques, when they seek permission from you. Bilal said: By Allah, we would certainly prevent them. ‘Abdullah said: I say that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said it and you say: We would certainly prevent them! (Sahih Muslim Book 004, Number 0891)

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Atika bint Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl, the wife of Umar ibn al-Khattab, used to ask Umar ibn al-Khattab for permission to go to the mosque. He would keep silent, so she would say, “By Allah, I will go out, unless you forbid me,” and he would not forbid her. (Sunan Abu Dawud Book 14, Number 14.5.14)

The Common Performance of Ablutions
Narrated Ibn Umar: “It used to be that men and women would perform ablutions together in the time of the Messenger of Allah’s assembly.” (Bukhari: 1: Ch. 45, Book of Ablution)

Women’s Right of Proposal
Narrated Sahl: A woman came to the Prophet, and presented herself to him (for marriage). He said, “I am not in need of women these days.” Then a man said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Marry her to me.” The Prophet asked him, “What have you got?” He said, “I have got nothing.” The Prophet said, “Give her something, even an iron ring.” He said, “I have got nothing.” The Prophet asked (him), “How much of the Quran do you know (by heart)?” He said, “So much and so much.” The Prophet said, “I have married her to you for what you know of the Quran.” (Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Number 72)

Women’s Right of Permission
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “A matron should not be given in marriage except after consulting her; and a virgin should not be given in marriage except after her permission.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! How can we know her permission?” He said, “Her silence (indicates her permission).” (Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Number 67)

Narrated Khansa bint Khidam Al-Ansariya that her father gave her in marriage when she was a matron and she disliked that marriage. So she went to Allah’s Apostle and he declared that marriage invalid. (Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Number 69)

The Right of Women not to be Forced
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Barira’s husband was a slave called Mughith, as if I am seeing him now, going behind Barira and weeping with his tears flowing down his beard. The Prophet said to ‘Abbas, “O ‘Abbas ! are you not astonished at the love of Mughith for Barira and the hatred of Barira for Mughith?” The Prophet then said to Barira, “Why don’t you return to him?” She said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Do you order me to do so?” He said, “No, I only intercede for him.” She said, “I am not in need of him.” (Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 63, Number 206)

Asserting Women’s Rights
Ibn Al-Jauzi narrated the virtues and merits of Umar bin Al-Khattab (Allah bless him) in the following words: Umar forbade the people from paying excessive dowries and addressed them saying: “Don’t fix the dowries for women over forty ounces. If ever that is exceeded I shall deposit the excess amount in the public treasury”. As he descended from the pulpit, a flat-nosed lady stood up from among the women audience, and said: “It is not within your right”. Umar asked: “Why should this not be of my right?” she replied: “Because Allah has proclaimed: ‘even if you had given one of them (wives) a whole treasure for dowry take not the least bit back. Would you take it by false claim and a manifest sin’”. (Al Nisa, 20). When he heard this, Umar said: “The woman is right and the man (Umar) is wrong. It seems that all people have deeper insight and wisdom than Umar”. Then he returned to the pulpit and declared: “O people, I had restricted the giving of more than four hundred dirhams in dowry. Whosoever of you wishes to give in dowry as much as he likes and finds satisfaction in so doing may do so”. quoted in: “On the Position and Role of Women in Islam and Islamic Society”

Seeking advice and comfort
Narrated ‘Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers): … Then Allah’s Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadija replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza … (Bukhari Volume 1, Book 1, Number 3)

The Characteristics of a Believing Man
Narrated AbuHurayrah: Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said: a believing man should not hate a believing woman; if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he will be pleased with another. (Muslim Book 8, Number 3469)

The Education of Women
Narrated Abu Said: A woman came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Men (only) benefit by your teachings, so please devote to us from (some of) your time, a day on which we may come to you so that you may teach us of what Allah has taught you.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Gather on such-and-such a day at such-and-such a place.” They gathered and Allah’s Apostle came to them and taught them of what Allah had taught him. (Bukhari Volume 9, Book 92, Number 413)

On the Treatment of Women
Narrated Mu’awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and asked him: “What do you say (command) about our wives?” He replied: “Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.” (Sunan Abu Dawud: Book 11, Number 2139) “The best of you is one who is best towards his family and I am best towards the family”. (At-Tirmithy). “None but a noble man treats women in an honourable manner. And none but an ignoble treats women disgracefully”. (At-Tirmithy).

A Husband must keep the Privacy of his Wife
Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri: Allah’s Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) said: The most wicked among the people in the eye of Allah on the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and then he divulges her secret. (Muslim Book 8, Number 3369)

A Husband’s Attitude
‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) said that a man came to his house to complain about his wife. On reaching the door of his house, he hears ‘Umar’s wife shouting at him and reviling him. Seeing this, he was about to go back, thinking that ‘Umar himself was in the same position and, therefore, could hardly suggest any solution for his problem. ‘Umar (RA) saw the man turn back, so he called him and enquired about the purpose of his visit. He said that he had come with a complaint against his wife, but turned back on seeing the Caliph in the same position. ‘Umar (RA) told him that he tolerated the excesses of his wife for she had certain rights against him. He said, “Is it not true that she prepares food for me, washes clothes for me and suckles my children, thus saving me the expense of employing a cook, a washerman and a nurse, though she is not legally obliged in any way to do any of these things? Besides, I enjoy peace of mind because of her and am kept away from indecent acts on account of her. I therefore tolerate all her excesses on account of these benefits. It is right that you should also adopt the same attitude.” quoted in Rahman, Role of Muslim Women page 149

The Prophet’s Disapproval of Women Beaters
Patient behavior was the practice of the Prophet, even when his wife dared to address him harshly. Once his mother-in-law- saw her daughter strike him with her fist on his noble chest. When the enraged mother -in-law began to reproach her daughter, the Prophet smilingly said, “Leave her alone; they do worse than that.” And once Abu Bakr, his father-in-law, was invited to settle some misunderstanding between him and Aishah. The Prophet said to her, “Will you speak, or shall I speak?” Aisha said, “You speak, but do not say except the truth.” Abu Bakr was so outraged that he immediately struck her severely, forcing her to run and seek protection behind the back of the Prophet. Abu Bakr said, “O you the enemy of herself! Does the Messenger of Allah say but the truth?” The Prophet said, “O Abu Bakr, we did not invite you for this [harsh dealing with Aishah], nor did we anticipate it.” quoted in: Mutual Rights and Obligations

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